Yordanka Filaretova (1843-1915)

Born in Sofia in a wealthy family. His brother was the Sofia mayor Dimitar Hadjikotsev. She studied at the girls’ primary school in Sofia under the guidance of her future husband, Sava Filaretov. She established a Sunday school for older women. During the Russo-Turkish war Continue Reading

Emerging female participation in the public sphere: first women schools, female high schools, access to university: the presentation of the female teacher in the 19 century (Bulgaria)

The first evidences of Bulgarian female education are from the end of the 18th – early 19th century, when the idea still had no social support. At that time, the girls were trained by nuns in few monasteries. (Anastassia Dimitrova) Only in 1841, in occasion Continue Reading

Maria Dayrova-Hadjiangelova (1876-1943)

Born in Stara Zagora. Graduated at Nancy with scholarship (1899). Private practice in Stara Zagora. School doctor at the Female Pedagogic School in Stara Zagora and the First Female School in Sofia. Specialized Pediatric and Internal Deceases in Paris (1911) and Internal Deceases and School Continue Reading

Tota Venkova (1855-1921)

Born in Gabrovo. Graduated in Medicine in St. Petersburg as a fellow of the Ministry of Education (1886). Doctor in Ruse, Tarnovo, Varna, and Sofia. Specialized in Internal Diseases and Pediatrics in St. Petersburg (1893) and in Obstetrics and Gynecology in Vienna (1895). Founded midwives’ Continue Reading

Ekaterina Karavelova (1860-1947)

Born in Rousse in a poor family. She graduated from a female high school in Moscow. She had been working as a high school teacher in the Rousse, Plovdiv and Sofia female high schools. Translator of French and Russian, writer and journalist. Wife of Petko Continue Reading

Govhar khanum Gaibova

Govhar khanum Gaibova is the daughter of the Caucasian mufti, poet and educator Mirza Mohammed Gaibzade. She graduated from the Tiflis Institute of Noble Maidens with a gold medal, taught at the Tiflis and Baku women’s schools, and educated illiterate women. The wife of General Continue Reading

Nigar Huseyn Efendi gizi Shikhlinskaya (October 10, 1871 or March 21, 1878, Tiflis – August 15, 1931, Baku)

Nigar Huseyn Efendi gizi Shikhlinskaya (October 10, 1871 or March 21, 1878, Tiflis – August 15, 1931, Baku) – the first Azerbaijani sister of Mercy, chairwoman of the Hospital of the Ladies’ Committee of the officer’s artillery school at the Red Cross in World War Continue Reading

Elena Lazo-Luzghin (1871-1933)

She was born on January 10, 1871, in Lungeni, Iaşi region, in the family of Stephan Crushevan. She died on 13 March 1933 in Chisinau. A romanian devoted to the work of charity, becomes a member and activates in various institutions operating in Chisinau: the Continue Reading

Elena Alistar (1873 -1955)

Elena Alistar graduated from Primary School in Vaisal, Ismail, and later in 1890, the Eparchial School of Girls in Chisinau. She worked as a teacher in several villages in southern and central Bessarabia: in Valeni village, Cahul region (1890-1891), Rosu village, Cahul region (1891-1893), Zarnesti Continue Reading

The Foundation of Philomath Women (Dprotsʿaser tiknantsʿ ěnkerutʿiwn)

It was created on May 1, 1879 in Constantinople to educate poor girls. During the reign of Sultan Abdul Hamid II the Foundation was closed, but after the armistice in 1908 the Foundation was opened again. After the armistice in 1918 about 500 orphan girls Continue Reading