Halide Edip (1884-1964)

Halide Edip was born in 1882. She became one of the symbols of independent Turkish women in Independence War period and the early modernist period in Turkey. In 1893, she started studying at Uskudar American Girls’ College. She was very fluent in English and her first translation was published in 1897. She revised the title of Corporal for her situation in the War in 1921. She was active in political sphere where she had meeting speeches, which was listened and seen, by thousands of people around the nation. She wrote many novels among them which could be named as House with Wisteria (Türk’ün Ateşle İmtihanı), The Shirt of Flame (Ateşten Gömlek), The Clown and His Daughters (Sinekli Bakkal), Thrash the Whore (Vurun Kahpeye), The Son of Zeynep (Zeyno’nun Oğlu), The Heartache (Kalp Ağrısı) and Handan. Among her novels, Yeni Turan (The New Turan) which she wrote in 1912 reflects her patriotism about Pan-Turkish nationalist movement. Halide Edib, on the other hand, influenced Turkish literature in a sense that she portrayed the social role of women. Especially, in her novel Handan she stresses the significant problems of an educated woman. In her own memoir, she wrote her own childhood and early teen hood. She passed away in 1964.  

Source: https://www.britannica.com/biography/Halide-Edib-Adivar