Gayane Hovhannisyan- Matakyan (1852-1900)

Gayane was born in Tbilisi in 1852. At age of 18 she engaged in translation acivities, translating both from French and from Russian. She has worked as a surveyor at the Mariamian Girl’s School. Gayane studied pedagogy in Switzerland. Returning to the Caucasus, she dedicates herself to the education and upbringing of children. She was the head of the first Armenian kindergarten. She also worked in Yerevan as a surveyor of Gayanian and Sahakanuyshyan feminine schools. She set up the first kindergarten here and another one in Stambol. She created Sunday schools and prepared ladies. With her efforts she sent several girls to study pedagogy in France. She published articles on pre-school education in the periodical Hayrenik” of Istanbul[1].



[1] See Harutyunyan, Anahit, Century of Outstanding Women, Armenian women’s social activities at 19th and 20th the beginning of centuries, Yerevan 2005, pp. 84-85.